Daily Archives: June 9, 2016

NUEVA ECIJA’S EIGHT GENERALS OF THE PHILIPPINE REVOLUTION

EPCC NEWS

June 09, 2016

NUEVA ECIJA’S EIGHT GENERALS OF THE PHILIPPINE REVOLUTION

( In honor of the 118th Philippine Independence Day ,June 12, 1898, we printed the article of Anselmo Roque of the Philippine Daily Inquirer,Central Luzon Bureau about General Manuel Tinio and the eight generals of Nueva Ecija.– The Editors) 

Kuya Gen. Manuel Tinio (1877-1924)CABANATUAN CITY—They were Nueva Ecija’s elitistas, or people who were wealthy, educated in top schools, and held high government positions, but for love of country, they opted to be leaders of the 1896 revolution against Spain in the province.
Some of them were killed in action or were executed. Others continued leading the fight in the Filipino-American war in 1898.

Their deeds are worth emphasizing especially in these times when sacrifices of leaders are needed for the common good.

Eight of them became generals, one a commander of the revolutionary army, another a “Tagalog boy-general of the Ilocanos,” and another returned to his post in the colonial government and was executed with his officials.

Generals Mariano Llanera and Pantaleon Valmonte led the siege of San Isidro, then the seat of the Spanish provincial government in Nueva Ecija.

They led a cloak-and-dagger stance as they were capitan municipales of the towns of Cabiao and Gapan, respectively. They pretended to be friendly with Spanish authorities while they were secret members of the Katipunan.

First Cry of Nueva EcijaGeneral_Manuel_Tinio,_General_Benito_Natividad,_LtCol_Jose_Alejandrino

The siege, dubbed the “First Cry of Nueva Ecija,” took place on Sept. 2, 1896.

Llanera studied at Colegio de San Juan de Letran and served the colonial government, first as cabeza de barangay and later as capitan municipal of Cabiao.

Valmonte, a son of the first gobernadorcillo of Gapan, was a classmate and friend of national hero Dr. Jose Rizal at Ateneo de Manila.

He allowed his house to be used for the recruitment of members of the Katipunan in Gapan. He also entertained there the Spanish provincial governor and the commander of the guardia civil.

When the list of the Katipunan members fell into the hands of the Spanish authorities, as a friend to the governor, Valmonte was advised to be “very careful” as his name was on it.

His impending arrest goaded him to meet Llanera in Cabiao and helped, together with revolutionary leaders Alipio Tecson, Mamerto Natividad, Manuel Tinio and Llanera’s son, Eduardo, in planning the attack on the government center in San Isidro.

Flamboyant attack

While 3,000 revolutionists volunteered to join the siege, Llanera selected only 500 as they had limited guns. Valmonte, on the other hand, led another column in Gapan for the assault.

Llanera’s attack was described as “having carried out in a flamboyant manner.”

“The revolutionaries, wearing red ribbons, marched to the music of the Cabiao Musikong Bumbong band from the village of Pulo, 5 kilometers from the town proper, to the principal streets (of San Isidro). Their leader (Llanera) cut a dashing figure on horseback. They bandied about that they would serenade the governor for the release of the jailed revolutionaries. Then, the revolutionary soldiers staged the attack,” said one account.

The commander of the guardia civil was killed, forcing his soldiers to retreat. The revolutionists then freed the incarcerated Katipuneros and emptied the government’s coffer. After three days, more Spanish troops were deployed that made the revolutionists to flee.

After four months, Llanera reemerged and joined the forces of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. He was promoted to lieutenant general and was appointed vice commander of the revolutionary army.

Valmonte did not hide; he opted to be with other Gapan officials. He, his vice mayor, councilors, municipal judge, secretary and other officials were arrested and executed.

Lawyer Mamerto Natividad Sr., a founding member of La Liga Filipina, was arrested, tortured and executed. His six sons, then managing the family’s landholdings, joined the revolution.

Mamerto Jr. and his brothers, Benito and Jose Salvador, became generals, while his three other siblings became junior officers.

Mamerto Jr. became chief commanding general of the revolutionary army in Central Luzon. He was killed by a sniper in the offensive, which he launched with Gen. Pio del Pilar and his two brothers in Cabiao.

The other Novo Ecijano generals were Alipio Tecson, Urbano Lacuna and Manuel Tinio. They were from wealthy families.

Youngest generalbktiniobde

Tinio, a son of a landowner in Nueva Ecija, was promoted by Aguinaldo to brigadier general at age 20, becoming the youngest general ever. He was appointed commander of operations and was later sent by Aguinaldo to the North for the liberation of the Ilocos provinces.

With his Tinio Brigade, composed mostly of Novo Ecijano revolutionists, he was named military governor of the Ilocos provinces and became commanding general of the Filipino forces in Northern Luzon.

He continued his exploits in the Ilocos region during the Filipino-American war. The famous Texas Rangers were sent to stop him but failed.

Tinio, along with Gen. Benito Natividad, 36 senior and junior officers and 350 riflemen, was forced to surrender on orders of Aguinaldo, who had been captured by the Americans.

In his surrender, “he handed his revolver, but the American general handed it back to him—a token of respect to the then 23-year-old general.”

Of Tinio’s exploits in the North, Gen. Arthur MacArthur, then military governor, said: “The little war in the Ilocos was the most troublesome and perplexing military problem in all Luzon.”

Tinio became Nueva Ecija governor and was later appointed the first director of labor.

In a monument to Llanera in Cabiao, the names of 461 peasants and others with various callings who died in battle were listed in the “Tablet of Heroes.”

All of them are honored on Nueva Ecija Day every Sept. 2. In the nation’s flag, the province is represented as one of the rays of the sun’s design
Read more: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/789779/sacrifice-of-elite-in-ecija-revolution-offers-history-lesson#ixzz4B5yXAnk8

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PAGKAKAISA SA IKA-APAT NA PARADA NG KALAYAAN SA HISTORIC FILIPINTOWN DISTRICT NG LOS ANGELES

EPCC NEWS

June 09, 2016

PAGKAKAISA SA IKA-APAT NA PARADA NG KALAYAAN SA HISTORIC FILIPINTOWN DISTRICT NG LOS ANGELES

Pagkakaisa ang tema ng pagdiriwang ng 118th Philippine Independence Day sa Los Angeles, ngunit mga FilAm journalist nagpahayag ng pagka-bahala at disappointmentkay President-elect Duterte
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By Sid Balatan | Los Angeles | 05 June 2016

PHRCLos Angeles— THE Filipino American leaders in Southern California calls for unity after the divisive aftermath of the national elections in the Philippines, as they celebrate the 118th Philippine Independence Day with a parade along the major roads of the Historic Filipinotown district in downtown Los Angeles.

“Yung experience natin sa election kalimutan na natin. We are united. Nandito lahat sila. Everybody is represented, people from the right the center, you know. Bumoto lay Duterte, Poe. It doesn’t really matter. They contribute this day. Our success depended on their unity. It is symbolic, anyway, after the elections. Thank you very much at mabuhay tayong lahat,” pahayag ni Jerry Esguerra, kinikilalang Mayor ng Historic Filipinotown district. (BRoll_1_Jerry Esguerra_Mayor Historic Filipinotown).

4HFTPIDCThe Kalayaan Parade is now on its 4th year and organized by the Justice for Filipino American Veteran (JFAV), together with 42 other nongovernment organizations. Art Garcia, the National Coordinator of JFAV, said the participation of tens of FilAm organizations shows the unity among the usually divided FilAms.

“At patunay ng pagkakaisa ng mga Filipino sa Los Angeles ang parada ngayon, ang ika-apat na Parada ng Kalayaan dito sa Los Angeles. Mabuhay ang Kalayaan.” (THead_2_Art Garcia_JFAV National Coordinator)

NUJP-USA Vs Duterte

But the leaders of the Los Angeles-based NUJP-USA (National Union of Journalist Philippines – USA Chapter) made known their disappointment to the recent pronouncements of President-elect Rodrigo Duterte on journalists killings.

“Nadis-appoint kami kay Duterte, President-elect Duterte, dahil he is sending the wrong message. Lalo na given that maraming pinapatay na mga journalist. Hindi dapat na nagbibitaw siya ng mga ganoong salita. Napaka vulnerable ng media ngayon,” paglalahad ni Nimfa Rueda, spokesperson ng NUJP-USA. (THead_3_Nimfa Rueda_NUJP USA)

Sinabi naman ni Benny Uy, isang batikang photojournalist, na dapat huminahon si President-elect Duterte sa kanyang pananalita.

“Nababahala po kami sa naririnig namin galing kay President Duterte. Sana medyo mahinahon siya ng kaunti sa pagsasalita dahil marami pong napapahamak na journalist da hil sa mga message na kanyang pina-iiral. ” pakiusap at paalala ng batikang photjournalist na si Benny Uy kay Pangulong Duterte. (THead_4_Benny Uy photojoiurnalist)

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